World Environmental Problems: Vocabulary Exercise

The top ten world environmental issues with vocabulary, listening practice and pronunciation. Learn useful vocabulary and the pronunciation to be able to talk and write about thesis issues.

List of Top Environmental Problems ter the Modern World

  • acid rain = rain which is polluted by chemicals
  • deforestation = rain forests and wooded areas being cut down
  • loss of biodiversity = species becoming extinct
  • ozone layer depletion = the ozone layer is being ruined and becoming thinner
  • land degradation = soil and land pollution spil well spil desertification
  • resource depletion = lack of natural resources worldwide
  • climate switch = negative switches to the world weather patterns
  • air pollution = air that contains pollutants
  • marine pollution = the pollution of our oceans and seas
  • overheen population = the enhancing population of the world

Listen to Audio

Learn More About Current World Issues

Learn more about the top Ten environmental world issues facing us today. Listen to the recording and pack ter the gaps. You may use no more than Three words and/or numbers to accomplish the sentences. This exercise is to help you improve your vocabulary, your pronunciation and also your awareness of thesis issues for your IELTS test.

Acid rain

  • Rain that contains large amounts of (1)………………. This can cause serious health problems spil particles of pollution can come in people’s (Two)…………………..
  • Acid rain can (Trio)……………. into the ground causing soil pollution.
  • Spil rain falls into lakes and sea this can cause water pollution.
  • Acid rain can also be responsible for hurting (Four)……………
  1. chemicals
  2. lungs
  3. leak
  4. buildings

Deforestation

  • Deforestation is the destruction of forests and the cutting down of trees on a large scale.
  • Spil forests are cut down, it affects the atmosphere and (1)………………… spil trees play a large part ter the water cycle.
  • Another problem is the loss of (Two)……………………. Some species of plants and animals have already bot lost while others remain endangered. This is due to the loss of their (Trio)………..
  • This process affects climate switch. Trees (Four)……………… CO2 and give off oxygen. By demolishing forests more CO2 remains te the atmosphere affecting the climate.
  • Te the area where the trees have bot eliminated, (Five)……………….. occurs spil the earth is exposed to the zon’s fever. This evaporates much needed nutrients contained ter the soil and is very difficult to switch sides.
  1. ecosystem
  2. biodiversity
  3. habitat
  4. absorb
  5. soil erosion

Loss of Biodiversity

  • Each species, no matter how petite, has a role to play ter the (1) …………………
  • A larger number of plant species means a greater diversity of (Two)………………..
  • Greater species diversity ensures (Trio) …………………. for all life forms, and healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a multiplicity of disasters.
  • The loss of biodiversity can affect our (Four)………………, access to clean water and also the range of raw materials.
  1. ecosystem
  2. crops
  3. natural sustainability
  4. food security

Ozone Layer Depletion

  • The ozone provides essential protection from the (1)……….. ultraviolet radiation.
  • Certain industrial compounds (Two)…………. the ozone layer.
  • This reduces the capability of the ozone to protect (Trio)……………… from UV radiation.
  • This is a global punt spil the compounds affecting the ozone come from other parts of the world to where the problem lies.
  1. zon’s
  2. pauze down
  3. surface life

Land Degradation

  • This relates to switches ter the land which reduces its (1)………………………………
  • Factors that have contributed to land degradation include soil erosion, (Two)……………………, desertification and loss of vegetation voorkant.
  • Many of thesis factors are (Three)………………… by human activities.
  • With a growing world population, land degradation can have serious effects on our capability to feed everyone due to diminished (Four)…………….. ter major food crops.
  1. productive potential
  2. loss of fertility
  3. exacerbated
  4. yields

Resource Depletion

  • Humans are using (1)……….. more resources than the Earth can replenish each year.
  • This leads to pollution, land degradation, soil erosion and (Two)………………
  • This problem is worsening spil populations and consumption keep growing.
  • (Three)………………….. are incapable to keep up with the rate of resource depletion.
  • Some scientists believe that by 2030 wij will need two planets to provide our wants.
  • The US and China account for more than (Four)…………… of the planet’s ecological footprint, with 21% each.
  1. 30%
  2. deforestation
  3. Science and technology
  4. two-fifths

Climate Switch

  • The build up of (1)……………… into the atmosphere have led to switches te the world’s climates.
  • The cause of this can be found te doorslag emissions and the combustion of (Two)………………..
  • Climate switch can be felt te the rise ter temperatures and the switches of (Three)……………….. on a global scale.
  • Spil a result droughts, floods, wildfires and storms are becoming more frequent.
  • With the increase te temperatures comes the rise te sea levels which menace (Four)…………………. grounds.
  • The future consequences are potentially devastating.
  1. greenhouse gases
  2. fossil fuels
  3. weather patterns
  4. low lounging

Air Pollution

  • Combustion, mining, factories, (1)………………., farming, fires and automobiles all pose threats spil potential air pollutants.
  • This endangers our health and ecosystem.
  • Smog, mainly from factory smoke, is (Two)……………… and can produce chronic problems such spil lung disease, asthma and heart disease, resulting ter an estimated 200,000 (Trio)………… deaths vanaf year.
  1. power plants
  2. hazardous
  3. premature

Marine Pollution

  • The main contributor of ocean pollution starts on land, namely non-point pollution from septic tanks, sewage sludge, car oil leaks, boats and (1) …………………., which make their way to the sea.
  • Other reasons for the pollution is that some boats and even countries (Two)………….. their waste directly into the ocean.
  • Water covers approximately (Three)…………… of our globe, it would seem that it is an (Four)…………… resource but it is not.
  • Humans are demolishing the homes of millions of (Five)………………………, some of which wij know little to nothing about.
  • Ocean pollution is not only devastating for the sea creatures, it can also be devastating for (6)……………….. spil well.
  1. farm chemicals
  2. deposit
  3. 70%
  4. abundant
  5. aquatic creatures
  6. humans

World Population

  • The world population is presently 7 billion and is estimated to be (1)………………. by 2024.
  • This is due to improved living standards and medicine which results ter a (Two)………………… and lower infant mortality.
  • Overheen population will result ter (Three)……………………… and an increase ter doorslag emissions worsening climate switch.
  • Ter urban areas it may result ter lower standards of living and enlargening (Four)……………………
  • Feeding such a large population will also create challenges.
  • Safe, environmentally friendly (Five)………………. will also become a problem spil the world population grows which can result te growing pollution.
  1. 8 billion
  2. longer life span
  3. draining world resources
  4. crime rates
  5. waste disposition

Information for this lesson wasgoed collected from various sources including hubpages.com, globalissues.org, and greenliving.

Get my free lessons by email

Comments

Thank you for the wonderful work you’ve done for students.

I am having an test sometimes this spring and I am nosey if the environmental problems are still popular topics te writing and speaking. Is it helpful to read the relevant articles and to memorize the collocations?

Environmental problems are current world issues and therefore will always be relevant for IELTS writing and speaking.

Can I have thesis MP3 files about the environment so that I can listen to them spil many times spil possible?

Sorry I toevluchthaven’t organised audio downloads yet.

love you so much , you are my role monster

I wanna thank u very first from the core of my heart coz u’re doing good for those who are fighting with their English. Unluckily, I’m also one of them. Particularly, my speaking is suffering from bad fluency. I don’t have anyone to practise with. So how can I get someone who converse with mij and onberispelijk mij spil well. Whatelse I can do.. Please help mij with more suggestions… Lots of love again.

Don’t confuse fluency with accuracy. Accuracy relates to grammar and vocabulary. You don’t need someone to juist you, you need to review your understanding of words and also basic / intermediate grammar. You also need to practice using different tenses – past, future forms, comparatives, 2nd conditionals etc. You can do all this on your own at huis.

Fluency requires you to concentrate on expanding answers, not accuracy. So, the key to success is practising and developing accuracy at huis before your test so that when you come in the test slagroom, your accuracy is already natural and strong.

Developing fluency is about developing ideas and making a list of your own memories or your own opinions which you can give ter the test. Again, you can do this on your own at huis. You concentrate on common and latest topics.

So, most of the prep can be done by you at huis for free. See this pagina: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/

Te Resource Depletion section can i write Two/5TH instead of two-fifths spil response for fourth question?

You would write only “2/5”.

Mam can you tell mij how to finish true false questions

love you so much liz, doing such a excellent job for almos free and dedicate your time for that .

Please Liz, could you onberispelijk my essays? Or do you another teacher? Thanks.

dear liz, to make it effortless i love you .

hi liz here is a confusing reading question for you .

writer writes an information according to another person’s opinion maybe poet or thinker and they ask that information ter yes /no question what should wij do then ? okay it is yes according to that poet or thinker but significant question is what about writer ? is it yes or not given ?

YNNG questions are about the opinion of the writer.

I have two questions from the sentence below that is from Acid Rain topic.

Spil rain falls into lakes and sea this can cause water pollution.

1. Is there “,” inbetween the words sea and this?

Two. I thought I heard “rivers” te the recording, but there is “s” missing te the sentence.

or are they just typo?

Thanks. Yes, it’s a typo. There should be an “s” te rivers. I don’t understand your very first question, ask mij again more clearly so I can understand.

Honestly and heart fully, words are not enough to thank your incredible efforts.

Hi Liz I would like to copy your material but it doesnt workpls can u help mij

If ter task Two, I have to write about pollution then can I give Trio reasons spil like, air pollution, Marine pollution, Land degradation spil te 1, Two and Trio paragraph spil assets?

For 3rd paragraph of figure anti-logic is necessary or not?

I would like thank you for this wonderful webstek. I have some problems with my vocabulary. One of them is, I am not sure when to separate words and when to write them together. For example, midsummer, forecourt, forehead, pauze down etc.

Could you please provide some suggestions on this?

Thanks and Regards,

Please search online for sources of compound nouns.

At very first I like to appreciate you for developing your webpagina, it’s indeed helpful inorder to achieve desired ielts score. Especially, student’s like mij who are fighting to score well te IELTS. I am hardly attempting to score 6 te each liaison but unluckily, I couldn’t able to make it possible till now. I participated several times te the ielts exam and every time scored 6 overall but always missed out ter reading section, out of five times I wasgoed able to score Five.Five te reading three times and twice Five. Would you please provide mij some tactics which can be helpful to score 6 or more te reading and also, some suggestion regards to writting section. I am thinking to attend GT within 15 days because it’s indeed significant to clear my ielts spil soon spil possible. So, I need some significant suggestions which will be helpful for mij to achieve my desired score.

However, today I attempted GT practice test from your webpagina and wasgoed able to score 27 out of 40 questions. I think the test wasgoed truly effortless one compare to real ielts test but I could not make it count. So, I am totally depressed and need help from you.

The problem is most likely due to your level of English which can’t be switched quickly. But also it might be with the way you tackle each type of question, how quick you are at scanning, how much time you spend skimming and if you can differentiate inbetween similar words which are not actually the same. Unluckily, I can’t write a few sentences with a magic response. You voorwaarde review your technologies and vocabulary. Don’t get down. It is possible to get a good score with time and practice.

very first of all I would like to tell you thanks for such nice webpagina.

my exam date is 29/09/2014

can you help mij to how to commence speaking practice ?

I would begin by going through the practice questions for each part of the test and project ideas for answers. Then do a practice test – there are two on my blog. That will give you an idea of how long your reaction should be but you can learn about this here: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-tips-length-of-answer/. Once you understand the length of answers, it just a case of preparing topics, ideas and practising your answers. Practise speaking out noisy on your own. Recording your answers and then listening back. Recall you are being marked on your language not your ideas. So, using suitable vocabulary and also a range of grammar tenses is key.

Can I achieve 6 liaison level speaking te Two month? I am not native speaker.

Please advise mij step by step.

It’s not indeed possible for mij to say. If your level of English is similar to the level needed for verhouding score 6, then you can achieve it if you prepare decently. But if your level of English is much lower than tape score 6, it will take fairly a long time. Here’s a listig to learn more about the betrekking scores. You’ll find linksom to details of plakband scores Five to 8 for writing – check those linksaf: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-band-scores/

thanks for your quick response.

I have already done practice with Listening and Reading Module.

I have trouble ter Speaking and writing module

can you suggest mij how to commence this module?

Commence by reviewing models and then look at practice questions. For speaking, building ideas but consider how you will get good, suitable examples of language into your answers. For writing, this about how your ideas will be introduced and organised. You’ll find models and practice questions te the writing and speaking section of this blog.

I consider that very significant to mij to practice following your posts. That would be supporting mij enhance my relatie score!

Related movie: Golem Arrives! Lisk Core | Vechain x eGrid | $NANO Legal Fund | $BNTN Bounty | $GNT $LSK $ETHOS $Elftal


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *